Thursday, 28 February 2019

Stocks fall for third day as investors dial down trade hopes

February 28, 2019

By Ritvik Carvalho

LONDON (Reuters) – Global stocks retreated for a third straight day on Thursday as investors reduced their optimism over U.S.-Sino trade talks, while an early end to a U.S.-North Korean summit in Vietnam and weak economic data out of China also hit sentiment.

The Japanese yen and the Swiss franc – both safe-haven currencies – gained after the United States and North Korea failed to reach an agreement on denuclearization of the Korean peninsula after two days of meetings.

U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un had constructive discussions on denuclearization, the White House said, but news of the summit’s early break-up triggered flight-to-quality bids in safe assets.

Riskier assets took a hit, with stocks across the board lower in Europe after the start of trading. The pan-European STOXX 600 index fell more than half a percent. [.EU]

That followed a retreat in Asian equities, which took a hit on a lack of progress on trade issues between China and the U.S. and data showing factory activity contracting to a three-year low in China. The Shanghai Composite Index fell 0.7 percent.

The data also showed export orders fell at their fastest pace since the global financial crisis, adding to worries about the nearly year-long trade dispute between China and the U.S.

U.S. issues with China are “too serious” to be resolved with promises from Beijing to purchase more U.S. goods, and any deal between the two countries must include a way to ensure commitments are met, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer told U.S. lawmakers on Wednesday.

Lighthizer said the office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) was taking legal steps to implement Trump’s decision on Sunday to delay a tariff increase on more than $200 billion worth of Chinese goods that had been scheduled for Friday.

But USTR later clarified in a statement that it was not abandoning the threat of increasing the tariffs to 25 percent from 10 percent.

“This is likely to be the sort of trade deal that comes through: enough of a deal, or delays of further taxes to enable equities to stay supported while still allowing enough room for U.S. President Trump to criticize China on the campaign trail next year,” said Paul Donovan, chief global economist at UBS Wealth Management.

“In many ways this indefinite delay in the consequences are reminiscent of the deal agreed between Trump and one of the many EU Presidents Juncker last year.”


Global equities scaled a four-month high earlier this week helped by upbeat expectations towards U.S.-China trade talks, before pulling back after Lighthizer spoke.

“One suspects trade headlines will continue to throw around sentiment for a while yet. The issues are complex, the trade-offs real, and opinions divided,” ANZ strategists said in a note.

MSCI’s All-Country World Index was 0.2 percent lower on the day and down for a third day running.

Global stock markets in 2019 will at best only recoup losses from the deep sell-off late last year, according to equity market analysts in Reuters polls, who reckon the risk is skewed more toward a sharp fall by mid-year.

In currency markets, the dollar index against a basket of six major currencies fell 0.1 percent at 96.041.

The index had edged up 0.1 percent on Wednesday, pulling away from a three-week trough as Treasury yields rose ahead of the release of U.S. fourth-quarter GDP data later on Thursday.

The dollar dipped 0.2 percent to 110.80 yen.

The yen often attracts demand in times of political tensions and market turmoil. It showed little response to data showing Japan’s factory output posted the biggest decline in a year in January.

The Swiss franc rallied by half a percent against the dollar on Thursday after news of the end of the summit between the U.S. and North Korea.

The euro was 0.1 percent higher at $.1.13815 after slipping 0.15 percent on Wednesday.

Britain’s pound was 0.1 percent lower $1.33.

Sterling has rallied this week as investors ramped up bets that a no-deal Brexit was less likely and that Britain’s departure from the European Union would be delayed.

Goldman Sachs on Thursday joined a growing number of banks and asset managers that reduced their probability of a no-deal Brexit.

Oil prices fell on Thursday amid weakening factory output in China and Japan and record U.S. crude output, although markets remained relatively well supported by supply cuts led by producer club OPEC.

U.S. crude oil futures slipped 0.25 percent to $56.79 per barrel, losing a bit of steam after surging 2.5 percent on Wednesday.

Brent was half a percent lower at $66.03.

(Reporting by Ritvik Carvalho; additional reporting by Shinichi Saoshiro in Tokyo)

Some Facebook content reviewers in India complain of low pay, high pressure

February 28, 2019

By Munsif Vengattil and Paresh Dave

HYDERABAD, India/SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) – On a busy day, contract employees in India monitoring nudity and pornography on Facebook and Instagram will each view 2,000 posts in an eight-hour shift, or almost four a minute.

They are part of a 1,600-member team at Genpact, an outsourcing firm with offices in the southern Indian city of Hyderabad that is contracted to review Facebook content.

Seven content reviewers at Genpact said in interviews late last year and early in 2019 that their work was underpaid, stressful and sometimes traumatic. The reviewers, all in their 20s, declined to be identified for fear of losing their jobs or violating non-disclosure agreements. Three of the seven have left Genpact in recent months.

“I have seen women employees breaking down on the floor, reliving the trauma of watching suicides real-time,” one former employee said. He said he had seen this happen at least three times.

Reuters was unable to independently verify the incidents or determine how often they may have occurred.

Genpact declined comment.

The working conditions described by the employees offers a window into the moderator operations at Facebook and the challenges faced by the company as it seeks to police what its 2 billion users post. Their account contrasts in several respects with the image presented by three Facebook executives in interviews and statements to Reuters of a carefully selected, skilled workforce that is paid well and has the tools to handle a difficult job.

Ellen Silver, Facebook’s vice president of operations, acknowledged to Reuters that content moderation “at this size is uncharted territory”.

“We care deeply about getting this right,” she said in January. “This includes the training reviewers receive, our hiring practices, the wellness resources that we provide to each and every person reviewing content, and our overall engagement with partners.”

While rejecting the Hyderabad employees’ assertions about low pay, Facebook has said it had begun drafting a code of conduct for outsourcing partners but declined to give details.

It has also said it would be introducing an annual compliance audit of its vendor policies this year to review the work at contractor facilities. The company is organising a first-ever summit in April to bring together its outsourcing vendors from around the world, with the aim of sharing best practices and bringing more consistency to how moderators are treated.

These efforts were announced in a blog post on Monday by Justin Osofsky, Facebook’s vice-president of global operations.

Facebook works with at least five outsourcing vendors in at least eight countries on content review, a Reuters tally shows. Silver said about 15,000 people, a mix of contractors and employees, were working on content review at Facebook as of December. Facebook had over 20 content review sites around the world, she said.

Over a dozen moderators in other parts of the world have talked of similar traumatic experiences.

A former Facebook contract employee, Selena Scola, filed a lawsuit in California in September, alleging that content moderators who face mental trauma after reviewing distressing images on the platform are not being properly protected by the social networking company.

Facebook in a court filing has denied all of Scola’s allegations and called for a dismissal, contending that Scola has insufficient grounds to sue.

Some examples of traumatic experiences among Facebook content moderators in the United States were described this week by The Verge, a technology news website. (


The Genpact unit in Hyderabad reviews posts in Indian languages, Arabic, English and some Afghan and Asian tribal dialects, according to Facebook.

On one team, employees spend their days reviewing nudity and explicit pornography. The “counter-terrorism” team, meanwhile, watches videos that include beheadings, car bombings and electric shock torture sessions, the employees said.

Those on the “self-harm” unit regularly watch live videos of suicide attempts – and do not always succeed in alerting authorities in time, two of the employees said. They told Reuters they had no experience with suicide or trauma.

Facebook said its policies called for moderators to alert a “specially trained team” to review situations where there was “potential imminent risk or harm.”

The moderators who spoke to Reuters said in the instances they knew of, the trained team was called in when there was a possibility of a suicide, but the reviewers continued to monitor the feed even after the team had been alerted.

Job postings and salary pay-slips seen by Reuters showed annual compensation at Genpact for an entry-level Facebook Arabic language content reviewer was 100,000 Indian rupees ($1,404) annually, or just over $6 a day. Facebook contended that benefits made the real pay much higher.

The workers said they did receive transport to and from work, a common non-cash benefit in India.

Moderators in Hyderabad employed by another IT outsourcing firm, Accenture, monitor Arabic content on YouTube on behalf of Google for a minimum of 350,000 rupees annually, according to two of its workers and pay slips seen by Reuters. Accenture declined to comment, citing client confidentiality.

Facebook disputed the pay analysis, saying Genpact is required to pay above industry averages. The outsourcer, while declining to comment on its work for Facebook, said in a statement that its wages are “significantly higher than the standard in the industry or the minimum wage set by law.”


The Genpact moderators in Hyderabad said Facebook sets performance targets, which are reassessed from time to time, that are called Average Review Time or Average Handling Time.

“We have to meet an accuracy rate of 98 percent on massive targets,” one of the moderators told Reuters. “It is just not easy when you are consistently bombarded with stuff that is mostly mind-numbing.”

They said they often took work home on their laptops to keep up.

Silver said handling time was tracked to assess whether Facebook needs more reviewers and whether its policies are clear enough. But she acknowledged some older procedures may have led moderators to feel pressured.

The company also said it was increasing restrictions on workers’ remote access to its tools.

(Reporting by Munsif Vengattil in Hyderabad and Paresh Dave in San Francisco; Writing by Patrick Graham; Editing by Jonathan Weber and Raju Gopalakrishnan)

Redmi Note 7 Pro arrives with 48 MP camera and 128 GB storage

What a wonderful day for fans of affordable smartphones in India - first Samsung introduced the Galaxy A10 and now the Redmi Note 7 Pro officially arrives, along with the Redmi Note 7. The Pro variant is everything we expected - Snapdragon 675, 48 MP camera and up to 128 GB storage. The vanilla version, however, received a massive hit and comes with a 12 MP main shooter. Xiaomi Redmi Note 7 Pro The Redmi Note 7 Pro chipset is coupled with octa-core CPU that goes as high as 2 GHz and comes with Adreno 612 GPU. The 48 MP sensor is Sony IMX586, which is an upgrade from the...

Fortnite update 8.00 PATCH NOTES: Pirate Cannon, new map changes, Volcano, Lava and MORE

FORTNITE fans can explore new locations such as Sunny Steps and Lazy Lagoon.

Fortnite server status: Battle Royale DOWN ahead of update 8.0.0 launch

FORTNITE is down right now with Battle Royale taken offline ahead of the update 8.0.0 release. Here is the server status latest.

Israel security forces should face justice for Gaza killings: U.N.

February 28, 2019

GENEVA (Reuters) – United Nations investigators said on Thursday Israeli security forces may have committed war crimes over the killing of 189 Palestinians and wounding of more than 6,100 at weekly protests in Gaza last year.

“The Israeli security forces killed and maimed Palestinian demonstrators who did not pose an imminent threat of death or serious injury to others when they were shot, nor were they directly participating in hostilities,” the panel report said.

The panel had confidential information about those believed to be responsible for the killings, including snipers and commanders, which was being given to U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet for her to share with the International Criminal Court (ICC), it said.

Protests have been held at the frontier between Israel and the Gaza Strip since last year, calling for the easing of an Israeli blockade of the territory and recognition of the right of Palestinian refugees there to return to homes in Israel.

Israel has said its forces opened fire to protect the frontier from incursions and attacks by armed militants.

(Reporting by Stephanie Nebehay; Editing by Peter Graff)

BMW, Daimler pool resources on highly automated driving tech

February 28, 2019

FRANKFURT (Reuters) – Daimler and BMW deepened their alliance on Thursday to share development costs for highly automated driving technologies, even as each carmaker continues to pursue separate efforts to develop fully self-driving cars.

The spiraling costs of designing and building computer-powered vehicles has already prompted Honda to pool its efforts with General Motors and Volkswagen to pursue talks with Ford about an alliance on autonomous cars.

BMW and Daimler on Thursday said they will jointly develop a scalable architecture covering several stages of automation including for technology to enable automated driving on highways.

(Reporting by Edward Taylor; editing by Thomas Seythal)

UK business confidence slides to lowest since month of Brexit referendum: Lloyds

February 28, 2019

LONDON (Reuters) – British business confidence slid in February to its lowest level since June 2016, the month of the Brexit vote, a survey showed on Thursday, adding to other signs that Brexit uncertainty is hurting companies.

Business confidence fell by 15 points to 4 percent in February, according to the Lloyds Bank Business Barometer. The services sector, which accounts for the bulk of British economic output, accounted for the biggest fall in morale.

(Reporting by Andy Bruce)

Starbucks’ China rival Luckin Coffee taps three banks for U.S. IPO: sources

February 28, 2019

By Julie Zhu and Julia Fioretti

HONG KONG (Reuters) – Chinese startup Luckin Coffee, which has ambitions to overtake Starbucks at home this year, has tapped three banks including Credit Suisse to work on a U.S. IPO in 2019, said people with direct knowledge of the matter.

Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley are also advising Luckin, one of the quickest firms to reach ‘unicorn’ status in China, on preparatory work for the initial public offering (IPO), said the people. One of the people said the company is targeting a valuation of about $3 billion in the IPO.

Credit Suisse is the only bank that has so far won the formal mandate for the IPO which will likely take place early in May or June, or the second half of the year, said another person.

Beijing-based Luckin, which officially launched its business only in January last year and is still loss-making, chose New York for the listing as Hong Kong generally requires IPO applicants to have a track record of three financial years.

Another reason is that Luckin looks to benchmark itself against Seattle-based Starbucks in terms of valuation, said two of the people. Starbucks has long dominated China’s coffee scene and has over 3,600 stores in the country.

Luckin, Credit Suisse and Morgan Stanley didn’t immediately respond to requests for comment. Goldman Sachs declined to comment.

The move comes as Luckin, backed by Singapore sovereign wealth fund GIC Pte Ltd, expands at breakneck speed across China. The firm already opened over 2,000 cafes last year, propelled by a focus on online ordering, cheap delivery, and heavy discounting even at the cost of mounting losses.

Luckin said last month it is aiming to open 2,500 new stores this year and overtake Starbucks as the largest coffee chain by number of outlets in the world’s second-biggest economy.

In December, it raised $200 million in its latest funding round led by GIC and investment bank China International Capital Corp Ltd, increasing its valuation to $2.2 billion. Luckin raised $200 million in July from investors including GIC, making it a unicorn with a valuation of $1 billion. Unicorns are startups valued at $1 billion or more.

The firm recorded a loss of 800 million yuan ($120 million) last year, which Chief Marketing Officer Yang Fei said in January was in line with expectations as it pushed to expand.

(Reporting by Julie Zhu and Julia Fioretti; Editing by Muralikumar Anantharaman)

European shares led lower by miners on China data; AB Inbev fizzes

February 28, 2019

MILAN (Reuters) – European shares fell for second day on Thursday with disappointing manufacturing data from top metals consumer China hitting miners hard and as investors grew cautious about a possible trade deal between Washington and Beijing.

The pan-regional STOXX 600 index fell 0.4 percent by 0832 GMT, further retreating from an over 4-month high hit earlier this week. The trade-sensitive DAX was down 0.4 percent and the commodity-heavy FTSE 100 dropped 0.7 percent.

Miners were the biggest sectoral fallers, down 1.8 percent, as copper prices fell after surveys showed that factory activity in China shrank for the third straight month in February. Shares in Rio Tinto and BHP fell 1.8 and 2.2 percent respectively.

Losses however were broad-based with investors becoming reluctant to take risks after U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said it was too early to predict an outcome in the trade negotiations between the world’s two largest economies.

Elsewhere, earnings updates were in focus.

AB InBev rose 4.6 percent, leading blue chip gainers in Europe, after the world’s largest brewer forecast strong revenue and profit growth in 2019, with a focus on increasing beer sales rather than just prices.

Among other big multinationals, cigarette maker British American Tobacco and Swiss engineer ABB both fell around 2 percent following their earning updates.

Sunrise was the biggest loser in Europe, down 10 percent after it agreed to buy Liberty Global’s Swiss unit in a 6.3 billion Swiss francs deal to create a bigger challenger to Swisscom.

A promising outlook from Zalando drove shares in Europe’s biggest online-only fashion retailer to the top of the STOXX 600, up 16 percent.

(Reporting by Danilo Masoni; editing by Josephine Mason)

NBA roundup: Wade buzzer-beater lifts Heat past Warriors

February 28, 2019

Dwyane Wade banked in a miracle shot — a 3-pointer at the buzzer off of one leg — as the host Miami Heat shocked the two-time defending NBA champion Golden State Warriors 126-125 on Wednesday night.

Goran Dragic had 27 points off the Miami bench, Wade finished with 25 points in a reserve role, and Josh Richardson scored 21. The Heat snapped their six-game home losing streak, and they did it two nights after losing to the team with the worst record in the NBA, the Phoenix Suns.

Dragic scored 20 of his points in the second quarter Wednesday, when Miami led by as many as 24 points. That was the highest-scoring quarter of Dragic’s career.

Klay Thompson led Golden State with 36 points, Kevin Durant had 29 and Steph Curry added 24. Draymond Green fouled out and was held to five points.

Trail Blazers 97, Celtics 92

Damian Lillard scored 33 points and Maurice Harkless added 17 as visiting Portland continued to cruise through its East Coast road trip with a victory against Boston, which lost its fourth straight.

Jusuf Nurkic added 16 points as the Trail Blazers improved to 4-0 on their seven-game trip. It was their fifth consecutive victory overall and it came one day after eight Portland players were trapped in an elevator for 30 minutes while at practice at nearby Emerson College.

Kyrie Irving scored 31 points for the Celtics, who went 5-6 in February. Irving’s scoring outburst came after he scored just seven points in a loss at Toronto on Tuesday.

Bucks 141, Kings 140 (OT)

Eric Bledsoe opened overtime with a 3-point basket, and Nikola Mirotic added another two minutes later, allowing visiting Milwaukee to pull away from Sacramento and post its 12th win in 13 games despite limiting star Giannis Antetokounmpo to 24 minutes due to a sore right knee.

Bledsoe paced the Bucks with 26 points, 12 rebounds and 13 assists for the fifth triple-double of his career. Antetokounmpo scored 17. Sacramento’s Buddy Hield led all scorers with 32 points.

The Kings played the fourth quarter and overtime without rookie standout Marvin Bagley III, who injured his left knee in the final minute of the third period.

Rockets 118, Hornets 113

James Harden scored 30 points, and Clint Capela had 23 points and 17 rebounds as Houston won its third straight game with a narrow victory at Charlotte.

The Rockets let a 15-point, first-half lead slip away completely and had to come from 12 down in the second half. They ultimately seized control with a 13-0 run in the fourth quarter and salted the game away on two free throws by Harden with 14.6 seconds remaining.

Chris Paul added 17 points and 10 assists for the Rockets, and Gerald Green and PJ Tucker scored 15 apiece. The Hornets, who lost for the fifth time in their past six games, were led by Kemba Walker with 35 points.

Lakers 125, Pelicans 119

LeBron James had 33 points and 10 assists as host Los Angeles held off New Orleans. It was the first game in which James and Anthony Davis faced each other since Davis publicly demanded a trade late last month with the Lakers reportedly being his top choice for a new team.

Davis, who sat out the Pelicans’ 128-115 victory against Los Angeles last Saturday in New Orleans, had 22 points in 21 minutes Wednesday.

Brandon Ingram scored 23 points, Kyle Kuzma added 22, and former Pelican Rajon Rondo had 11 points and 16 rebounds as Los Angeles won for the second time in six games. Former Laker Julius Randle led the Pelicans with 35 points.

Spurs 105, Pistons 93

LaMarcus Aldridge scored 24 points, and San Antonio defeated visiting Detroit to snap a three-game losing streak.

DeMar DeRozan and Marco Belinelli added 17 points each for the Spurs, who won for just the second time in their past nine games. White hit for 15 points, and Jakob Poeltl and Patty Mills scored 11 points apiece for San Antonio, which returned home from its arduous Rodeo Road Trip with a victory.

Reggie Jackson led the Pistons with 22 points, Blake Griffin added 17 points, and Andre Drummond contributed 10 points and 17 rebounds for Detroit. The Pistons had a three-game win streak snapped.

Jazz 111, Clippers 105

Donovan Mitchell scored 32 points while Rudy Gobert added 20 points and 13 rebounds to lead Utah over Los Angeles in Salt Lake City.

Derrick Favors and Ricky Rubio added 13 points apiece for the Jazz, and Favors grabbed 11 rebounds. Utah won its fourth straight home game after overcoming early shooting struggles.

Lou Williams and Danilo Gallinari scored 18 points apiece to lead the Clippers. Montrezl Harrell added 16 for Los Angeles, and Patrick Beverley had 12 points and 10 boards.

Mavericks 110, Pacers 101

Rookie Jalen Brunson drilled a clinching 3-pointer with 1:03 to play, and Dallas beat visiting Indiana.

Brunson finished with a career-best 24 points on 9-of-14 shooting, and he added five assists and three steals. Rookie teammate Luka Doncic scored 26 points, including a deep 3-pointer with 2:02 to go for a 103-96 lead.

Bojan Bogdanovic led Indiana with 22 points but managed just four points in the fourth quarter. Wesley Matthews, in his return to Dallas since being traded prior to the deadline, contributed 20 points, including two late 3-pointers.

Hawks 131, Timberwolves 123 (OT)

Rookie Trae Young matched a career high by scoring 36 points for the second straight game as host Atlanta rallied to beat Minnesota. John Collins added 34 points on 13-of-21 shooting as the Hawks avenged squandering a 22-point lead in a 123-120 overtime loss to Minnesota on Dec. 28.

Karl-Anthony Towns finished with 37 points on 12-for-19 shooting from the field and added 18 rebounds for the Timberwolves, who fell to 9-22 on the road this season after dropping the opener of the three-game trek.

Andrew Wiggins had 21 points for Minnesota, Derrick Rose had 18 and former Georgia Tech star Josh Okogie chipped in with 15 while playing in front of family and friends in attendance.

Wizards 125, Nets 116

Bradley Beal scored 31 points as Washington overcame a sluggish start in the opening minutes and rolled past host Brooklyn, snapping a four-game losing streak and winning for the fourth time in 13 games.

The Wizards gave up the game’s first 10 points but wound up leading for the final 38:20. Trevor Ariza added 14 of his 23 in the third quarter when Washington outscored the Nets by a 33-19 margin.

D’Angelo Russell scored 28 points and had seven assists for Brooklyn, which lost for the fourth time in its past six home games. The Nets heard some boos from fans after the final buzzer.

Bulls 109, Grizzlies 107

Zach LaVine scored 30 points on 12-for-19 shooting to help Chicago win at Memphis. Lauri Markkanen contributed 22 points and 10 rebounds for the Bulls in his fourth straight double-double and 10th consecutive 20-point outing.

Otto Porter Jr. scored 20 points as the Bulls won for the fourth time in five games.

Avery Bradley recorded 23 points and seven assists and Mike Conley scored 21 despite a 7-for-21 shooting effort for the Grizzlies.

–Field Level Media

फेशियल करने के इन 16 फायदों को जानकर आप हो जाएंगे हैरान – Benefits Of Facial For Your Skin in hindi

कुछ लोगों के चेहरे की त्वचा नर्म, कोमल और मुलायम होती है। ऐसी त्वचा पाने के लिए हर महिला और पुरुष तरह-तरह के जतन करते हैं। कुछ कई तरह की क्रीम और लोशन इस्तेमाल करते हैं, तो कुछ घरेलू उपाय अपनाते हैं। इसके बावजूद कभी-कभी त्वचा को विशेष देखभाल की भी जरूरत होती है। ऐसे में फेशियल एक बेहतरीन विकल्प है और फेशियल के फायदे भी अनेक हैं। आप में से कई लोगों के मन में फेशियल को लेकर कुछ गलत धारणाएं भी होंगी। आप लोगों को लगता होगा कि फेशियल आपकी त्वचा को बस कुछ देर के लिए ही निखार देगा, यह पैसे बेकार करने के अलावा कुछ नहीं है। वहीं, कुछ लोगों को यह भी लगता होगा कि एक बार फेशियल कराने के बाद त्वचा को ठीक रखने के लिए बार-बार फेशियल कराना पड़ सकता है। हालांकि, इसमें कुछ हद तक सच्चाई है, लेकिन हम आपको फेशियल करने के फायदे बताएंगे और यह आपकी त्वचा के लिए क्यों जरूरी है यह भी बताएंगे।

फेशियल क्यों?

यह जरूरी नहीं कि अगर आपको कील-मुंहासे, दाग-धब्बे या त्वचा से संबंधित कोई परेशानी हो, तो ही आप फेशियल कराएं। अगर आपको अपनी त्वचा को स्वस्थ रखना है, तो भी आपकी त्वचा को इसकी जरूरत होती है। हॉर्मोन बदलाव, तनाव, प्रदूषण और अन्य परेशानियों से आपकी त्वचा को बचाने के लिए फेशियल एक अच्छा तरीका है। हालांकि, आपके पास त्वचा को स्वस्थ रखने के लिए कई घरेलू उपाय होंगे, लेकिन कभी-कभी आपकी त्वचा को विशेषज्ञ की जरूरत होती है, जो आपकी त्वचा की जरूरत को समझकर उसकी अतिरिक्त देखभाल करते हैं। इसके अलावा, चेहरे की मालिश न केवल आपकी त्वचा को चमक देती है, बल्कि आपको तनाव से भी राहत दिलाती है। अगर आपको अभी तक यकीन नहीं हुआ है, तो फेशियल के फायदे जानने के बाद शायद आपकी धारणा थोड़ी बदल सकती है। नीचे हम विस्तार से फेशियल करने के फायदे बता रहे हैं।

फेशियल करने के फायदे – Benefits Of Facials in Hindi

1. तनाव होता है कम

आजकल की इस भागादौड़ी वाली जिंदगी में लोग काम, घर और कई अन्य चीजों में व्यस्त रहते हैं और खुद पर ध्यान नहीं दे पाते। साथ ही तनाव में भी रहते हैं, जिसका असर चेहरे पर दिखने लगता है। एक अध्ययन के अनुसार, फेशियल यानी चेहरे की मालिश आपके अनुकंपी तंत्रिका तंत्र (sympathetic nervous system) को सक्रिय कर देती है। फेशियल आपके तनाव को कम कर आपके मूड को ठीक कर सकता है (1)। आपके चेहरे पर सैकड़ों दबाव बिंदु होते हैं, जो शरीर में विभिन्न प्रणालियों से जुड़े हैं। जब इन दबाव बिंदुओं की मालिश की जाती है, तो आपका शरीर इस पर प्रतिक्रिया करता है। चेहरे की मालिश न केवल आपकी त्वचा को चमकदार बनाए रखती हैं, बल्कि यह अन्य अंगों के काम को भी प्रभावित करती है। यह आपके चेहरे के लिए एक तरह का व्यायाम है। आपके लिए चेहरे के प्रेशर पॉइंट को पहचानना थोड़ा मुश्किल हो सकता है। इसलिए, एक प्रोफेशनल की जरूरत होती है, जो आपके चेहरे के सही प्रेशर पॉइंट को समझकर सही तरीके से मालिश कर सके।

2. साफ होती है त्वचा

Clear skin


धूल-मिट्टी व प्रदूषण के कारण त्वचा रूखी, बेजान और प्राकृतिक चमक खोने लगती है। ऐसे में एक अच्छा फेशियल आपकी त्वचा को गहराई से साफ कर सकता है। आप चाहे फेसवॉश लगाएं या घरेलू उपाय करें, आपकी त्वचा गहराई से साफ नहीं हो पाती है। इसलिए, आपको एक्सपर्ट की राय और मदद की जरूरत होती है, जो आपकी त्वचा के प्रकार को जानकर उसके अनुसार साफ करे। वह आपकी त्वचा के रोमछिद्रों को खोलने और त्वचा को अच्छी तरह से साफ करने के लिए भाप का उपयोग करते हैं। साथ ही आपकी त्वचा के प्रकार के अनुसार फेशियल का चुनाव करते हैं।

3. त्वचा का एजिंग से बचाव

यह जगजाहिर है कि बढ़ती उम्र का प्रभाव आपके चेहरे पर भी नजर आने लगता है। उम्र बढ़ने से त्वचा पर झुर्रियां और फाइन लाइन्स नजर आने लगती हैं, जिस कारण त्वचा की चमक खो जाती है। बढ़ती उम्र के साथ त्वचा का ज्यादा ध्यान रखना जरूरी है और इसके लिए नियमित रूप से फेशियल अच्छा और गुणकारी तरीका है। नियमित फेशियल और फेस मसाज से आपकी त्वचा की कोशिकाओं का पुनर्जन्म होता है। साथ ही कोलेजन के विकास में भी मदद मिलती है और त्वचा जवां लगने लगती है।

4. रक्त प्रवाह में होता है सुधार

Improvement in blood flow


कहा जाता है कि मालिश से शरीर में रक्त प्रवाह बेहतर होता है। यही नियम आपके चेहरे पर भी लागू होता है। फेशियल से चेहरे में रक्त प्रवाह बेहतर होने के साथ-साथ कोशिकाओं को भरपूर मात्रा में ऑक्सीजन और पोषक तत्व मिलते हैं। इससे आपकी कोशिकाएं स्वस्थ होती हैं और चेहरे पर चमक व निखार आता है।

5. जवां नजर आती है त्वचा

बढ़ती उम्र के साथ त्वचा पर झुर्रियां आना या त्वचा का चमक खोना आम बात है, लेकिन आजकल की जीवनशैली, धूल-मिट्टी और प्रदूषण के कारण कई बार वक्त से पहले ही चेहरे की चमक खोने लगती है। ऐसे में फेशियल करने के फायदे हो सकते हैं। इससे चेहरे की त्वचा को नई जान मिलती है। त्वचा विशेषज्ञ फेशियल के लिए विभिन्न तरीकों, उत्पादों और टेक्नोलॉजी का उपयोग करते हैं, जो आपकी त्वचा की बनावट को बेहतर बनाने में मदद करते हैं।

6. डिटॉक्सीफाई होती है त्वचा

Datoxifi skin


जैसे आपके शरीर में विषाक्त चीजें जम जाती हैं, वैसे ही आपकी त्वचा में भी गंदगी जम जाती है। अगर सही तरीके से सफाई न की जाए, तो आपके चेहरे पर पिंपल निकल सकते हैं। इसलिए, आपको अपने शरीर की तरह अपने त्वचा को भी डिटॉक्सीफाई करने की जरूरत होती है। हर दिन चेहरा साफ करने या धोने के अलावा फेशियल की भी जरूरत होती है। एक्सपर्ट आपके चेहरे पर चमक और ताजगी बरकरार रखने के लिए फेशियल के वक्त कई तरह की सामग्री जैसे – एंटीऑक्सीडेंट से भरपूर क्रीम, समुद्री नमक, हर्बल एक्सट्रैक्ट और कई तरह के तेल का उपयोग करते हैं, जो घर में खुद करना मुश्किल है।

7. कील-मुंहासे और दाग होते हैं कम

कील-मुंहासे कभी भी हो सकते हैं और ठीक होने के बाद चेहरे पर दाग छोड़ जाते हैं। मुंहासों के दाग जिद्दी हो सकते हैं, लेकिन फेशियल के जरिए इनसे छुटकारा मिल सकता है। एस्थेटीशियन (सौंदर्य विशेषज्ञ) अक्सर मुंहासे के इलाज के लिए सैलिसिलिक एसिड युक्त उत्पादों का उपयोग करते हैं। एक अध्ययन से पता चलता है कि सैलिसिलिक एसिड पील मुंहासे और उससे होने वाले निशान को कम करने में मदद करते हैं (2)।

8. व्हाइटहेड्स और ब्लैकहेड्स होते हैं खत्म

blackheads are over


एक्सट्रैक्शन फेशियल का एक अहम हिस्सा है। एक एक्सपर्ट आपकी त्वचा को नुकसान पहुंचाए बिना सभी व्हाइटहेड्स और ब्लैकहेड्स निकालने के लिए बेहतरीन तरीके से एक्सट्रैक्शन टूल का उपयोग करता है, जोकि घर में खुद से करना संभव नहीं है। ब्लैकहेड्स और वाइटहेड्स आपके रोमछिद्रों को बंद कर आपकी त्वचा को बेजान बनाते हैं। इसलिए, अगर आपको अपनी त्वचा थोड़ी खुरदरी और बेजान लगे, तो समझ जाएं कि अब आपके चेहरे को फेशियल की जरूरत है।

9. खुल जाते हैं चेहरे के सभी रोम छिद्र

रोज की दिनचर्या में त्वचा को धूल-मिट्टी व प्रदूषण से बचाना लगभग असंभव है। साथ ही सूर्य की हानिकारक किरणों और अन्य विषाक्त तत्वों का असर भी चेहरे की त्वचा पर पड़ता है। धीरे-धीरे ये चीजें आपकी त्वचा पर जमने लगती हैं और त्वचा के रोमछिद्र बंद होने लगते हैं। फेशियल के दौरान एक्सपर्ट स्टीम यानी भाप की मदद से आपके त्वचा के रोमछिद्रों को खोलते या साफ करते हैं। साथ ही मृत कोशिकाओं को हटाकर कील-मुंहासों और अन्य त्वचा संबंधी परेशानियों से आपके चेहरे को बचाते हैं।

10. त्वचा होती है एक्सफोलिएट

Skin is exfoliate


एक्सफोलिएशन वह प्रक्रिया है, जिसमें मृत कोशिकाओं को त्वचा की सतह से हटाया जाता है। अगर इन मृत कोशिकाओं को न निकला जाए, तो ये त्वचा की सतह पर जमा हो जाती हैं, जिससे आपकी त्वचा खुरदरी और शुष्क हो जाती है। हालांकि, आप घर में स्क्रब का उपयोग कर अपनी त्वचा को एक्सफोलिएट कर सकते हैं, लेकिन अगर आपको सही तरीके से मृत कोशिकाओं को निकालना है, तो फेशियल अच्छा विकल्प है। फेशियल के दौरान केमिकल पील का इस्तेमाल किया जाता है, जिससे आपकी त्वचा की सतह अच्छे से साफ हो जाती है और त्वचा की एक स्वस्थ परत सामने आती है।

11. त्वचा में कसाव आता है

उम्र बढ़ने के साथ-साथ कोलेजन का उत्पादन कम होने लगता है, जिससे त्वचा के कसाव में कमी आने लगती है। ऐसे में फेशियल के फायदे हो सकते हैं, क्योंकि फेशियल के दौरान एक्सपर्ट केमिकल पील, फेस पैक, मास्क, लोशन और क्रीम का उपयोग करते हैं। ये सभी उत्पाद बॉटेनिकल एक्सट्रैक्ट से भरपूर होते हैं, जो कोलेजन के उत्पादन को बढ़ाते हैं और त्वचा में कसाव लाकर एजिंग के साइन को कम करते हैं।

12. आई बैग्स और डार्क सर्कल्स होते हैं कम

Eye bags and dark


आंखों के नीचे की त्वचा पर विशेष ध्यान देने की जरूरत होती है, क्योंकि इस जगह की त्वचा चेहरे के दूसरे हिस्सों की तुलना में पतली होती है। जब आप इस पर ठीक तरीके से ध्यान नहीं देते हैं, तो परिणामस्वरूप आंखों के नीचे सूजन, झुर्रियां (crow’s feet) और डार्क सर्कल नजर आने लगते हैं। ऐसे में एस्थेटीशियन या एक्सपर्ट को पता होता है कि आपकी आंखों के आसपास की नाजुक त्वचा का ध्यान कैसे रखना है। उनके द्वारा उपयोग की जाने वाली आंखों की क्रीम विशेष रूप से आपकी आंखों के आसपास की संवेदनशील त्वचा का इलाज करने के लिए तैयार की जाती हैं और उनके एंटी-एजिंग लाभ भी होते हैं। आपकी त्वचा के इलाज के दौरान एक्सपर्ट खीरे का भी उपयोग करते हैं, जिससे आंखों को ठंडक मिलती है। खीरे में विटामिन-के होता है, जो आपकी आंखों की त्वचा को हाइड्रेट करता है और आंखों के काले घेरे व झुर्रियों को हटाता है।

13. मुलायम व चमकदार बनती है त्वचा

एस्थेटीशियन चेहरे के लिए एक मास्क तैयार करते हैं, जिसे विशेष रूप से त्वचा के प्रकार के अनुसार डिजाइन किया जाता है। यह त्वचा को हाइड्रेट करता है और त्वचा के रोमछिद्रों को साफ करता है। इसमें ऐसे तत्व भी होते हैं, जो हाइपरपिगमेंटेशन को कम करते हैं और आपकी त्वचा को निखारते हैं।

14. त्वचा की अवशोषण क्षमता बढ़ती है

नियमित रूप से फेशियल करने के फायदे में यह एक और अन्य फायदा है। फेशियल से उत्पादों को प्रभावी ढंग से अवशोषित करने के लिए त्वचा की क्षमता बढ़ती है। कई बार आप तरह-तरह के कॉस्मेटिक उत्पादों पर अधिक पैसा तो खर्च कर देते हैं, लेकिन उन्हें उपयोग करने के बाद पता चलता है कि वो आपकी त्वचा में अच्छी तरह अवशोषित नहीं हुए हैं। ऐसे में आपके मन में सवाल उठता होगा कि आखिर ऐसा क्यों? इसका जवाब यह है कि आपकी त्वचा की सतह इतनी खुरदरी होती है कि कई उत्पाद आपकी त्वचा में सही तरीके से अवशोषित नहीं हो पाते हैं। ऐसे में नियमित फेशियल से आपकी त्वचा चिकनी और उत्पादों को अवशोषित करने के लिए तैयार हो जाती है।

15. त्वचा को मिलती है विशेषज्ञों की देखभाल

Skin Attends Care of Experts


फेशियल के फायदे होने का एक और कारण यह है कि इसे विशेषज्ञों की राय और सलाह के साथ किया जाता है। किसी भी फेशियल से पहले विशेषज्ञ एस्थेटीशियन से आपकी त्वचा के प्रकार और त्वचा प्रतिदिन जिन समस्याओं का सामना करती हैं, उनके बारे में सलाह करते हैं। वो समस्याओं का समाधान करने से पहले त्वचा की जांच करते हैं। फिर उसी के अनुसार उत्पाद और उपचार चुनते हैं, जो आपकी त्वचा के लिए फायदेमंद साबित हों।

16. त्वचा की रंगत में निखार आता है

निखरी त्वचा लगभग हर किसी की चाहत होती है, लेकिन कभी-कभी आपकी त्वचा पर काले पैच या दाग आपकी चिंता का कारण बन जाते हैं। वो और कुछ नहीं, बल्कि मेलानिन होते हैं, जो त्वचा और बालों को उनका रंग देते हैं। वृद्धावस्था, सूर्य की हानिकारक किरणें और हार्मोनल परिवर्तन अधिक मेलेनिन उत्पादन का कारण बन सकते हैं, जिसके परिणामस्वरूप काले धब्बे होते हैं। ऐसे में फेशियल से काले धब्बे कम होते हैं और आपकी त्वचा की रंगत में निखार आता है।

इतना तो आप समझ ही गए हैं कि फेशियल के फायदे (facial benefits in hindi) अनेक हैं। आगे हम बता रहे हैं कि फेशियल कब और कितनी बार करवाना चाहिए।

कब और कितनी बार फेशियल की जरूरत होती है ? – How Often Do You Need Facials in Hindi?

फेशियल करने के फायदे तभी होते हैं, जब इन्हें तय समय पर कराया जाए। यह विभिन्न कारकों पर निर्भर करता है।

त्वचा के प्रकार के आधार पर : अगर आपकी त्वचा तैलीय है, तो आपकी त्वचा पर पिंपल होने की परेशानी कभी भी हो सकती है। ऐसे में आपको हर दो हफ्ते में एक बार फेशियल कराने की जरूरत होती है (खासकर जब तक यह समस्या ठीक न हो जाए)। अगर आपकी त्वचा शुष्क, मिश्रित या सामान्य है, तो आप महीने में एक बार फेशियल करा सकते हैं।

त्वचा की स्थिति पर निर्भर करता है : क्या आपको ब्लैकहेड या बेजान त्वचा की परेशानी है? क्या आपको मुंहासे और हाइपरपिगमेंटेशन की समस्या है? फेशियल आपकी त्वचा की इन परेशानियों पर निर्भर करता है।

त्वचा की देखभाल के लिए : अगर आप लंबे वक्त तक सुंदर और जवां त्वचा चाहती हैं, तो आपको जल्द ही फेशियल की शुरुआत करनी चाहिए। आपको प्रोफेशनल द्वारा चेहरे के लिए बताए गए टिप्स का ध्यान से पालन करना चाहिए। अगर आप अपने चेहरे को लेकर ज्यादा चिंतिति हैं या ज्यादा ध्यान रखते हैं, तो आपको फेशियल को गंभीरता से लेना चाहिए और उसके बाद जो सुझाव दिए जाए, उन्हें भी सही तरीके से फॉलो करें।

बजट पर भी निर्भर : कई फेशियल ट्रीटमेंट काफी महंगे होते हैं, जो आपके जेब पर भारी पड़ सकते हैं। अगर आपका बजट कम है, तो आप हर दो महीने में एक बार फेशियल करवा सकते हैं।

ये तो थे कुछ कारक, लेकिन बेहतर होगा कि आप फेशियल कराने से पहले प्रोफेशनल या एक्सपर्ट की राय लें। वो बेहतर तरीके से बता पाएंगे कि आपको कितनी बार फेशियल कराना चाहिए और उसके बारे में सुझाव देंगे।

फेशियल के दौरान बरतें सावधानियां – Precautions To Take During Facials in hindi

अगर आप पहली बार फेशियल करवा रहे हैं, तो आपको कुछ बातों का ध्यान रखना जरूरी है। आपके लिए कुछ सावधानियां बरतनी भी जरूरी हैं, जिसके बारे में नीचे हम आपको बता रहे हैं।

  1. किसी भी ट्रीटमेंट या फेशियल को शुरू करने से पहले उसका पैच टेस्ट जरूर कर लें। यह आपको समझने में मदद करेगा कि जिन उत्पादों का उपयोग करने वाले हैं, वे आपकी त्वचा के अनुरूप हैं या नहीं। अगर आपकी त्वचा संवेदनशील है, तो आपको इसके बारे में विशेष रूप से सावधान रहना चाहिए।
  1. जब भी आप फेशियल के बारे में सोचे तो हमेशा किसी भरोसेमंद एस्थेटीशियन या सैलून जाएं। वे आपकी त्वचा के प्रकार को जानते हैं और सुझाव दे सकते हैं कि वास्तव में आपकी त्वचा के लिए क्या अच्छा है और आपकी त्वचा की क्या जरूरत है। यहां तक कि अगर आपको अपने चेहरे को तरोताजा करने के लिए हल्के फेशियल की भी जरूरत है, तो भी आप किसी जानकार सैलून में ही जाएं।
  1. हमेशा अपने एस्थेटीशियन से बात करें और अगर आपको किसी उत्पाद से एलर्जी है, तो इस बारे में पहले ही उन्हें बताएं। अगर आप कोई दवा ले रहे हैं या कोई बाम या ऑइंटमेंट चेहरे पर लगा रहे हैं, तो फेशियल या कोई नए उत्पाद को ट्राय करने से पहले एक बार डॉक्टर या विशेषज्ञ से जरूर बात कर लें।
  1. अगर आप गर्भवती हैं और कोई विशेष उत्पाद आपके लिए उपयुक्त नहीं है, तो तुरंत एस्थेटीशियन को सूचित करें।
  1. फेशियल करवाने के बाद तुरंत धूप में निकलने से बचें। फेशियल के बाद कम से कम एक हफ्ते के लिए धूप में जाने से पहले सनब्लॉक क्रीम, टोपी और छाता का इस्तेमाल करें।
  1. अगर आपके चेहरे पर छाले या जलने का घाव है, तो जब तक वो ठीक न हो जाए तब तक फेशियल न करवाएं।
  1. फेशियल के बाद कम से कम एक या दो दिन अपने चेहरे पर साबुन का उपयोग करने से बचें।

फेशियल सिर्फ एक घंटे का आराम नहीं है, बल्कि यह आपकी त्वचा का विशेष रूप से ध्यान रखने का एक अच्छा तरीका है। ऊपर दिए गए फेशियल करने के फायदे जानने के बाद अब आपका भी अपने चेहरे पर और ध्यान देने का मन कर रहा होगा। फिर देरी किस बात की, तुरंंत फेशियल करवाएं और अपने अनुभव हमारे साथ नीचे दिए कमेंट बॉक्स में जरूर शेयर करें।

संबंधित आलेख

The post फेशियल करने के इन 16 फायदों को जानकर आप हो जाएंगे हैरान – Benefits Of Facial For Your Skin in hindi appeared first on STYLECRAZE.

6 Ways Gluten Can Be Bad For Some People – Findings From 34+ Studies

Gluten has become controversial. While some say it can be safe for most, others believe it can be harmful. More Americans are going gluten-free. In a 2018 survey published by the National Restaurant Association, 44% of the surveyed chefs claimed gluten-free was a hot trend in the US (1).

Though the trend seems to be cooling off, the gluten-free industry is all set to touch $7.6 billion in the US by 2020. How far is it justified?

What Is Gluten?

Gluten is the general name for the different proteins found in wheat, barley, and rye. Gluten helps foods maintain their shape. In a way, it acts like a glue that holds the food together.

Wheat is the most commonly consumed gluten-containing grain. Well, what is gluten made of? The two major proteins in gluten are glutenin and gliadin – and gliadin appears to have the most negative health effects of the two (2), (3).

The most common concerns with respect to gluten are related to gluten sensitivity. But is there more gluten can possibly do?

What Does Gluten Do To You?

The most common problem associated with gluten is celiac disease. People affected by it can’t tolerate even minute amounts of gluten. In such individuals, gluten damages the lining of the small intestine. This eventually interferes with nutrient absorption – potentially leading to osteoporosis, infertility, seizures, and nerve damage (4).

Gluten sensitivity is another issue. Most often, it triggers similar symptoms (abdominal pain, bloating, depression, and fatigue) but doesn’t always damage the intestinal lining.

Gluten doesn’t directly cause these issues. But your body’s immune system reacts to gluten in a certain way, leading to these issues. Gluten peptides enter the intestinal mucosa and provoke the body’s immune system to attack its own tissues. What causes this remains unknown (5).

This happens in certain individuals – where the body senses gluten as a toxin, causing the immune cells to overreact and attack it. In certain sensitive people, this results in inflammation in the body – causing problems (6).

Let’s look at these issues in detail.

5 Major Reasons Gluten Is Bad For Some Individuals

1. May Cause Celiac Disease

Celiac disease is the most severe form of gluten sensitivity. It is an autoimmune disease, where the body’s immune system attacks the gluten proteins. It also attacks tissue transglutaminase, which is an enzyme in the cells of the digestive tract. This leads to the degeneration of the intestinal wall.

About 1% of the American population has celiac disease (7). Though this number might appear small, studies show the rate is increasing rapidly (8).

Several studies show the capability of gliadin peptides in triggering an autoimmune response (9).

Avoiding foods containing gluten is an important step in treating celiac disease. Eliminating gluten from the diet can improve most of the symptoms and even heal the damaged intestine.

You can include meat, fish, fruits and vegetables, rice, and potatoes in your diet (10).

You may replace wheat flour with bean flour. You can also enjoy quinoa, buckwheat, and amaranth.

2. Can Cause Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity

This is also called gluten sensitivity or gluten intolerance. It involves adverse reactions to gluten, but without the attack on the body’s tissues. Symptoms include stomach pain, fatigue, bloating, diarrhea, and joint pains.

Studies show that individuals who have NCGS report an improvement in symptoms on a gluten-free diet (11).

NCGS is also different from wheat allergy (a different health condition). Though it is quite different from celiac disease, what triggers NCGS is still largely unknown (12).

3. May Cause Other Adverse Effects



Gluten can spell trouble even in individuals who don’t have from celiac disease or gluten sensitivity. In one study, patients with irritable bowel syndrome experienced aggravated symptoms after ingesting gluten (13).

Excessive gluten intake can also induce changes in the intestinal mucosal architecture – even in normal individuals who don’t have celiac disease (14).

Gliadin in gluten was also linked to increased intestinal permeability (15). This condition is known as leaky gut, in which potentially harmful substances from the intestine tend to leak into the bloodstream – causing major harm.

These adverse effects could be linked to the amino acids in gluten proteins – namely glutamine and proline. The presence of these amino acids makes gluten difficult to degrade. Hence, they persist in the gastrointestinal tract – possibly triggering the immune system (16). This is one reason gluten-free diets may curtail most symptoms of even nonceliac autoimmune diseases (17).

Research also says that certain individuals experience gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal symptoms following the ingestion of wheat. This can possibly be attributed to gluten (18).

There is a spectrum of gluten-related disorders completely unrelated to celiac disease. These include asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, urticaria (round rashes on the skin that itch intensely), and anaphylaxis (19).

4. Might Aggravate Brain Disorders

Gluten can have certain ill effects on the brain too. A problem called gluten-sensitive idiopathic neuropathy consists of neurological illnesses caused or aggravated by gluten intake.

In a study, 30 of the 53 neurological patients were found to be gluten-sensitive as well (20).

Gluten consumption has also been linked to many cases of neurological issues – the most common of them being cerebellar ataxia. This brain disease causes problems in talking and maintaining movements and balance (21).

In a one-of-a-kind study, a 14-year-old girl was diagnosed with psychotic symptoms linked to gluten consumption (22). Strangely enough, the girl showed complete resolution of symptoms after following a gluten-free diet. Cases of visual and auditory hallucinations, which were resolved post a gluten-free diet, are also reported. The exact causes of these phenomena are still unknown.

Gluten has also been linked to other neurological illnesses like autism, schizophrenia, and epilepsy (23), (24), (25).

5. Can Cause Other Autoimmune Diseases

Gluten, in addition to celiac disease, has been linked to other autoimmune diseases. These include Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis, multiple sclerosis, and type 1 diabetes (26), (27), (28).

Note: Wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) is a lectin (a type of protein) present in wheat. Though this is not directly linked to gluten, WGA is a major component of wheat (just like gluten) and can have adverse effects.

WGA was found to cause chronic inflammation and other autoimmune diseases. Along with the gliadin in gluten, WGA can further increase intestinal permeability and cause worse issues (29).

Gluten, a seemingly simple protein, can cause serious harm. It may not affect a majority of the population, but it can cause strong (and sometimes unforgiving) effects in susceptible individuals.

There is respite available to such individuals – which involves completely avoiding foods containing gluten.

What Foods To Avoid To Prevent Gluten-Related Issues*?



You need to avoid wheat, barley, and rye. In addition, there are other foods you should avoid:

  • Wheat starch
  • Wheat germ
  • Wheat bran
  • Durum
  • Cracked wheat
  • Couscous
  • Farina
  • Faro
  • Emmer
  • Kamut
  • Spelt
  • Semolina
  • Graham flour
  • Bulger
  • Oats
  • Seitan
  • Chicken broth
  • Malt vinegar
  • Certain salad dressings
  • Barley malt
  • Soy sauce
  • Soya noodles
  • Seasonings and spice mixes
  • Condiments
  • Veggie burgers

Apart from these, you should also watch out for other common processed foods that contain gluten like:

  • Beer, ale
  • Breads
  • Cakes and pies
  • Cereals
  • Candies
  • Crackers
  • Croutons
  • Cookies
  • French fries
  • Gravies
  • Imitation meat or seafood
  • Matzo
  • Pastas
  • Hot dogs (and other processed luncheon meats)
  • Seasoned snack foods (potato and tortilla chips)
  • Self-basting poultry

Certain prescription drugs and supplements may also use wheat gluten as a binding agent. Check with your doctor or nutritionist about it.

This is just one side of the gluten-free diet. You need to substitute these foods with others to ensure your nutritional needs are met.

What Foods To Include*?

Including more of these foods in your diet can help:

  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Eggs
  • Beans, nuts, and seeds (in their natural and unprocessed forms)
  • Low-fat dairy products
  • Lean and unprocessed meats, poultry, and fish
  • Amaranth
  • Arrowroot
  • Corn
  • Flax
  • Buckwheat
  • Millet
  • Quinoa
  • Rice
  • Soy
  • Sorghum
  • Tapioca
  • Teff
  • Gluten-free flours (soy, rice, potato, bean, corn)
*information sourced from MayoClinic



Making the necessary dietary changes can help you get your health back on track. But does this mean you can follow a gluten-free diet even if you don’t face any issues?

To Gluten Or Not To Gluten?

Following a lifelong gluten-free diet is the only option for patients with celiac disease and individuals who face adverse reactions to gluten. Medications might become available, but we need to wait for further development (30).

But how about individuals who choose to go on a gluten-free diet despite having no issues with gluten? Well, there are a few risks.

  • The gluten-free diet (or even special gluten-free grain products like breads or cereals) is often low in fiber, potassium, iron, and zinc (31).
  • The gluten-free diet can also increase the risk of deficiencies of B vitamins and other trace minerals (32).
  • Gluten-free products can continue to be more expensive. Studies have found that gluten-free bakery products were 267% more expensive than their gluten-containing counterparts (31).
  • Following a gluten-free diet may cause weight gain. Gluten-free products are often high in fat and calories and low in fiber and whole grains (33). Individuals on the gluten-free diet were found to consume significantly more carbohydrates and fat (and protein) (34). This can lead to weight gain if proper care is not taken.

Going on a gluten-free diet when gluten isn’t a problem may lead to detrimental effects. So, we don’t recommend that. But if you still want to go ahead, we suggest you have a word with your doctor.

In addition to following their advice, you can take a look at the strategies for increasing the intake of fiber (and other nutrients) on the gluten-free diet.

How To Increase Intake Of Fiber On A Gluten-Free Diet

  • You can add cooked legumes to mixed dishes and side dishes.
  • Add brown rice and vegetables to gluten-free wraps. These can make for a tasty evening snack.
  • Use gluten-free whole grains instead of white rice whenever possible. A few such grains include amaranth, quinoa, millet, sorghum, brown or wild rice, gluten-free oats, and buckwheat.
  • Go for gluten-free whole grain crackers instead of rice-based crackers.
  • Go for gluten-free whole grain pasta instead of rice or corn pasta.
  • You may choose popcorn as an evening snack.
  • Replace potato chips with crunchy veggies as sides for wraps and sandwiches.


Ditch the fads and embrace the facts. Check for yourself (and with your doctor) if you need to hop on the gluten bandwagon.

Also, tell us if you have faced any issues with gluten. How did you deal with it? Share your experience in the comments box below.


  1. Why gluten-free is here to stay” Institute of Food Technologists.
  2. Chemistry of gluten proteins” Food Microbiology, US National Library of Medicine.
  3. Relation between gliadin structure and…” Acta paediatrica. Supplementum, US National Library of Medicine.
  4. Going gluten-free just because? Here’s what…” Harvard Medical School.
  5. The immune recognition of gluten…” Clinical & Experimental Immunology, US National Library of Medicine.
  6. Gluten: a benefit or harm to the body?” Harvard School of Public Health.
  7. The prevalence of celiac disease in the…” The American Journal of Gastroenterology, US National Library of Medicine.
  8. Increased prevalence and mortality in…” Gastroenterology.
  9. The role of gluten in celiac disease…” Nutrients, US National Library of Medicine.
  10. Eating, diet, and nutrition for celiac disease” National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
  11. Non-celiac gluten sensitivity…” Journal of the American College of Nutrition, US National Library of Medicine.
  12. Non celiac gluten sensitivity and…” Gastroenterology and Hepatology from Bed to Bench, US National Library of Medicine.
  13. Gluten causes gastrointestinal symptoms in…” The American Journal of Gastroenterology, US National Library of Medicine.
  14. Gluten-induced mucosal changes in subjects…” Lancet, US National Library of Medicine.
  15. Gliadin, zonulin, and gut permeability…” Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology.
  16. Adverse effects of wheat gluten” Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism.
  17. Adverse effects of gluten ingestion and…” Oxford Academic Journals.
  18. What role does wheat play in the symptoms…” Gastroenterology & Hepatology, US National Library of Medicine.
  19.  “Spectrum of gluten-related disorders…” BMC Medicine, US National Library of Medicine.
  20. Does cryptic gluten sensitivity play…” Lancet, US National Library of Medicine.
  21. Neurological disorders in adult celiac…” Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, US National Library of Medicine.
  22. Gluten psychosis: confirmation of a new…” Nutrients, US National Library of Medicine.
  23. A gluten-free diet as an intervention for autism and…” SAGE Journals.
  24. Relapsed schizophrenics: more rapid improvement…” The British Journal of Psychiatry, Cambridge University Press.
  25. Successful treatment of epilepsy and…” ScienceDirect.
  26. Autoimmune thyroid diseases…” European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, US National Library of Medicine.
  27.  “Gluten sensitivity in multiple sclerosis…” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, US National Library of Medicine.
  28.  “Remission without insulin therapy…” BMJ Case Reports, US National Library of Medicine.
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  30. Novel treatments for celiac disease…” Digestive Diseases, US National Library of Medicine.
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  33. Gluten-free diet: Imprudent dietary advice for…” Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.
  34. Evidence of high sugar intake…” Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, US National Library of Medicine.

The post 6 Ways Gluten Can Be Bad For Some People – Findings From 34+ Studies appeared first on STYLECRAZE.

A Complete Guide To Eyelash Extensions

Killer eyelashes have the power to transform your face with their fluttery magic. While they are an asset for those who are born with them, it keeps almost everyone else longing for longer lashes. If you belong to the latter category and are done with all the effort you put into wearing falsies and mascara on the reg, this article is for you. Read our guide to find out everything you ever wanted to know about eyelash extensions.

What Are Eyelash Extensions?

Eyelash extensions are a semi-permanent option for giving your lashes the volume and length of your dreams. They are the best solution for anyone who wants to jump out of bed with their lashes already looking dope. The procedure involves applying tiny black fibers (that resemble lashes) onto each individual lash with a special adhesive. Unlike temporary false lashes, eyelash extensions are neither a momentary commitment nor a DIY affair.

A full set of lash extensions can take up to 2 hours to apply. They can be maintained year-round, with touch-ups recommended every 3 to 4 weeks. Semi sets or half sets of lashes are a great way to achieve a subtly dramatic effect. They are applied as fillers (to thicken your natural lashes) or applied towards the outer 2/3rds of your eyes.

Eyelash extensions differ on a wide range of factors that are discussed in the next section.

Eyelash Extensions 101: Types Of Eyelash Extensions

Eyelash extensions are made out of mink, faux mink, sable, silk, and synthetic fibers. If you can’t decide which ones to get, here’s what you need to know about each one of them.

  • Mink Eyelash Extensions
Mink Eyelash Extensions

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Mink eyelashes are wildly popular as they look super natural and real. These lashes are made from real hair and are perfect for anyone going for a light, natural look. Since they are made of real hair, they are easier to layer on and create a more dramatic look. They also tend to last longer as they don’t weigh down your natural lashes.

  • Faux Mink Eyelash Extensions
Faux Mink Eyelash Extensions

alyssascottjgoldcoastlashlounge/ Instagram

Faux mink lashes are very similar to mink, except they are synthetic. They provide the same look as minkies – but at a lower price. They are also the perfect vegan option if you don’t want to use real hair. These babies don’t lose their curl even when they get wet. Isn’t that super convenient?

  • Sable Eyelash Extensions
Sable Eyelash Extensions

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Sable lash extensions are the thinnest of all. They are made from the fur of sable, a forest animal found in many parts of Siberia and Russia. They are ideal for anyone with naturally thin lashes as they don’t weigh them down. Instead, they leave you with a natural, wispy look.

  • Silk Eyelash Extensions
Silk Eyelash Extensions Instagram

If you are vegan, allergic to fur, or simply looking for a more economical option, silk eyelash extensions are the way to go. They tend to be thicker at the base and gradually become thinner towards the end. So, they create the illusion of a fuller lash line. These lashes are also glossier and darker, which makes them perfect for creating a dramatic look.

  • Synthetic Eyelash Extensions
Synthetic Eyelash Extensions

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Synthetic eyelash extensions are a go-to for anyone looking for a bold, glamorous look. These lashes are perfect for making your eyes pop. Since they are not made with real fur, they can be found at a significantly lower price.

Here’s the most important question – how long do eyelash extensions last? Find out in the next section.

How Long Do Eyelash Extensions Last?

Lash extensions usually last through the full growth cycle of your natural lashes. This is typically somewhere between 6 to 8 weeks. However, since everyone’s lash growth tends to vary, specialists recommend lash maintenance every 3 to 4 weeks to maintain a full and clean look.

How Much Do Eyelash Extensions Cost?

Here’s a heads-up for the newbies: eyelash extensions are an expensive affair. An initial full-set lash application usually costs somewhere between $150 to $200. Then, there’s also monthly maintenance and refills that cost about $65 to $100.

Splurging on expensive lash extensions from a renowned place is always better than going to a cheaper place that can’t be trusted. It’s your eyes, after all! Besides, cheap lash extensions applied by an inexperienced artist can cause problems like incorrect sizing, allergic reaction, a shorter life span, and even long-term damage. Therefore, it’s best you avoid them.

Though eyelash extensions need regular touch-ups to last longer, there are also a few things that you can do at home to extend their life span. Check them out in the next section.

Tips To Make Your Eyelash Extensions Last Longer

  • Avoid water and steam for the first 48 hours after application. Since the glue is still setting, exposure to water or steam can disturb the lashes and make them fall out early. You can still shower, though! Just make sure you don’t put your head under water. Also, no matter what, don’t rub your eyes.
  • When you are taking off makeup, opt for oil-free cleansing products as oil can weaken the bonds of your eyelash extensions.
  • Use a mascara wand to brush your lashes in the morning and evening to keep them in the right place and looking flawless.
  • Don’t sleep with your face pressed against your pillow. Instead, sleep on your back.
  • Go for touch-ups every 3 to 4 weeks. No matter how careful you are with your lash extensions, you will naturally lose them over a period of time due to your lash cycle.

That was our complete guide to eyelash extensions. Longer lashes somehow manage to make your face look brighter and more youthful, even when the dark circles have set in. It transforms your entire beauty regimen and is a long-term shortcut to amazing lashes.

Are you ready to jump into the world of lash extensions? Let us know in the comments sections below.

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How To Stop Biting Your Nails

Do you bite your nails every time you are stressed or anxious? This troublesome habit can not only damage your nails and teeth but also make you prone to infection as the bacteria and viruses can pass from your nails to your mouth and face.

Why do people bite their nails? What can be done to stop this habit? Keep reading to find out.

Why Is It Bad To Bite Your Nails?

Here are the main reasons you should stop biting your nails (1):

  • It can make your nails grow back abnormally. Your nails can lose their shape on being bitten, giving them an unkempt look.
  • It can spoil your smile. There is a risk of chipping, cracking, or breaking your teeth while biting your nails. Over time, nail biting can also cause problems with your jaw.
  • It can trigger diseases. Your hands are no less than a hotbed for germs. These germs can remain perfectly hidden in your nails. When you bite your nails, these germs can enter your body and increase your risk of getting sick.
  • Social embarrassment. Nail biting can also cause restriction in social behaviors or behaviors that may need to be done in the presence of others, like drawing and writing.
  • Damages nails and surrounding tissues. It can increase the risk of an ingrown nail and also damage the surrounding tissues.
  • Can lead to gum injuries. It can also lead to teeth root damage, oral infections, and oral injuries due to the risk of scraping.

Now you know why you should stop biting your nails! But, did you ever wonder what could be causing this weird habit? Let’s find out.

What Causes You To Bite Your Nails?

Nail biting could be a sign of an underlying health condition. Temporary nail biting is relatively non-destructive. However, it can also develop into a long-term problem.

Uncontrollable nail biting that goes on to damage the nails and its surrounding tissues is considered a grooming disorder. It is often termed as onychophagia or onychophagy. This condition is classified as “an obsessive-compulsive and related disorder” (2).

Other possible causes of nail biting are (3):

• The parents of the affected individual have also had a similar habit of nail biting
• Emotional or mental stress
• Nervousness
• Anxiety
• Boredom
• Hunger
• Insecurity

In children, most cases of nail biting are a result of anxiety or boredom. Some children also tend to find this habit quite soothing.

As you have seen, a number of factors could be triggering the habit of nail biting. If you are a chronic nail biter, and this habit has begun damaging your nails, it is recommended that you seek medical help to identify the underlying cause of your condition.

If you are among those individuals who find themselves biting their nails during times of stress or anxiety and want to put a stop to it, here are a few tricks that may help.

How To Stop Biting Nails

1. Keep Your Nails Short

Cutting your nails short and keeping them neat is one of the best ways to prevent nail biting (4). When you don’t have anything to chew on, you will kick the habit eventually.

2. Get Your Manicure Game On

Get Your Manicure Game On


Pamper yourself and get a nice manicure done. Manicures can make your hands as well as nails look attractive. You will be less likely to bite your nails as you don’t want to ruin the manicure.

3. Keep A Check On The Triggers

Find out what triggers you to bite your nails. Do you bite your nails when you are bored? Or is it plain anxiety? Studies have shown that people resort to nail biting when they are bored, hungry, nervous, or stressed (5). Identify the trigger and find ways to deal with it to stop biting your nails.

4. Use Gloves Or Nail Stickers

Another way to stop yourself from biting your nails is to use a pair of gloves or nail stickers. While this may sound silly, if your mouth can’t find your nails, it will be far less tempted to bite them.

5. Keep Them Busy

Keep Them Busy


Yes, keeping your hands and mouth busy might do the trick. Every time you find yourself tempted to bite your nails, get hold of a stress ball or chew gum. You will not be able to bite your nails if your hands and/or mouth are already preoccupied!

6. Use Bitter Nail Polish

The application of bitter-tasting nail polish is an age-old trick to prevent nail biting (6).

7. Try The Gradual Approach

You cannot stop biting your nails overnight. It is a gradual process. Stop biting one fingernail at a time, say your thumbnail, and then extend it to the other fingers, one by one, until you stop biting all nails gradually.

Try any or a combination of the above tips to see which one works the best for you. Do you know of any other tips and hacks that can help one stop biting their nails? Share your tips and feedback with us in the comments section below.

Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions

Is biting your nails a mental disorder?

According to the 5th Edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, long-term nail biting habit or onychophagia is classified as “an obsessive-compulsive and related disorder.” However, nail biting can also be a temporary habit.

How long does it take to break a habit?

It may take about 3 weeks or 21 days of consistent effort to form a habit. And it will take even longer to break an existing one.


  1. Nail Biting; Etiology, Consequences and Management” Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences, US National Library of Medicine.
  2. Lithium Treatment of Chronic Nail Biting” Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders, US National Library of Medicine.
  3. Nail Biting” Clinical Pediatrics. US National Library of Medicine.
  4. The effectiveness of a nail-biting prevention program among primary school students.” Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing, US National Library of Medicine.
  5. Onychophagia (Nail biting), anxiety, and malocclusion.” Indian Journal of Dental Research, US National Library of Medicine.
  6. New Approach to Managing Onychophagia” Case Reports In Dentistry, US National Library of Medicine.

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